The Demographics section focuses on population growth, age distribution, and diversity in the Fox Cities region.

Population Growth
From 2006 to 2014, the populations of Fox Cites’ three core counties, Calumet, Outagamie and Winnebago grew in proportion to statewide and national trends. The largest increase was in Calumet, which saw its population jump by 10.6% between 2006 and 2010, compared to 4.1% in Winnebago and just 2.8% in Outagamie. However, in the following four years (2010 to 2014), Calumet’s population grew by just 1%, Winnebago by 1.5% and 2.9% in Outagamie, compared to a statewide population growth of 1.2%. Based on 2010 to 2040 population estimates for the region(1), Calumet, Outagamie and Winnebago’s populations are expected to increase by 31%, 21.8% and 15.7% respectively. Population growth in the Fox Cities region is increasing at a rate that might make 2040 predictions attainable. It is widely understood that the economic crash in 2008 has impacted population growth, with 2012 seeing the slowest national population growth rate since the Great Depression(2), and this is reflected in the Fox Cities population data.

While there is no dramatic change in the age distribution of Calumet, Outagamie and Winnebago populations between 2006 and 2014, a small trend indicates the population of the Fox Cities region is getting older. Between 2006 and 2014, there was an increase in the percentage of the population age 45 and older. While at the same time, all three counties saw a small decrease in the percentage of the population under age 45. Alongside this, the median age in all counties increased slightly between 2010 and 2014 by 1.1 years in Calumet to 39.6, 0.5 years in Outagamie to 37.7 and 0.1 years in Winnebago to 38. These changes mirror a wider national trend, which saw 0.5 years increase in the median age from 37.2 in 2010 to 37.7 in 2014, which is often attributed to the Baby Boom generation driving growth in older population cohorts. The oldest of the baby boom generation turned 65 in 2011(3) and the youngest will turn 65 by 2029.

Wisconsin is comparatively less diverse than the United States as a whole, with minority populations making up 17.8% of the total population, compared to 37.9% nationwide. From 2006 to 2014, minority populations in Calumet, Outagamie and Winnebago all rose slightly, by 2.4 percentage points on average. Statewide, the percentage of minority populations grew by 2.7 percentage points between 2006 and 2014, compared to 3.9 percentage points nationwide. Diversity, however, is on the increase in the Fox Cities region. The percentage of minority populations in the Calumet, Outagamie and Winnebago all grew a by a little over 2 percentage points in eight years, and the number of different nationalities represented in the Fox Cities region is also increasing slightly. The incoming refugee populations between 2012 and 2014 has refugees from East Asia & the Pacific and South & Central Asia, alongside an increase in refugees from Sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East. Looking at specific countries, in 2012 most refugees came from Burma (Myanmar), Iraq and Afghanistan whereas in 2014 more refugees arrived from Cuba and the Democratic Republic of Congo.

(1) Population projections from Wisconsin Department of Administration (WDOA) and East Central Wisconsin Regional Planning Commission (ECWRPC): 2013.

(2) U.S. population grew by just 0.72% in the year ended July 1, 2013, the slowest growth rate since 1937.